This research started in October 2015 and is being conducted within the framework of IOM’s research on populations on the move through the Mediterranean and Western Balkan Routes to Europe. This round of surveys has been carried out by IOM field staff in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Serbia, Hungary, and Italy. This report contains the findings of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) from surveys conducted between May and August 2016 in Hungary, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Serbia and between June and August 2016 in Italy.
The survey gathers information about migrants’ profiles, including age, sex, areas of origin, levels of education, key transit points on their route, cost of journey, motives, and intentions. The survey also
includes six questions that are proxy indicators for potential human trafficking or exploitative practices that the migrants and refugees interviewed might have experienced.
This week’s report focuses on providing an analysis on migrants and refugees travelling along the Central Mediterranean Route and the Eastern Mediterranean Route. The first section provides analysis on
interviewees` responses to human trafficking and other exploitative prevalence indicators. It also explains the context of the two migration routes.
The second section includes information on the socioeconomic
background and demographic profile of migrants and refugees, push factors, the migration route, and
length of journey