The paper deliberately focuses on the broader phenomenon of international economic migration, thus directly addressing the one of the two global compacts, that on safe, orderly and regular migration. It also acknowledges the common challenges and vulnerabilities faced by vulnerable migrants, including irregular migrants, smuggled and trafficked migrants, unaccompanied child migrants, stranded migrants, and migrants displaced by disasters and environmental change. The other global compact on refugees, based on the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, is partially addressed in annex A which summarizes the Bank’s paper on forced displacement issued in April 2016. This paper has three objectives. First, it sets out stylized facts on international migration and describes three fundamental drivers: income gaps, demographic change, and environmental change. Second, it highlights the benefits and costs associated with global labor mobility in both sending and receiving countries. Third, it describes the global architecture for governance of migration and suggests a few areas where the Bank could usefully contribute by designing customized solutions that address heterogeneous and context-specific complexities of migration.
Source of the paper : Migration and development : a role for the World Bank Group (English) | The World Bank