21. Détention et camps / Detention and Camps

Documents

Nigeria, High Court of Justice of Borno State, 2 September 1993, Ahmed Allatchi and 243 Others v. Chief of Army Staff and 4 Others, M/64m/92 [Censure détention et expulsion réfugiés]

New Zealand: Refugee Status Appeals Authority, 17 December 1998, Refugee Appeal No. 70739, No. 70739

Belgique: Loi du 1999 visant à réduire la durée de la détention administrative des étrangers en séjour illégal sur le territoire belge, 6 July 1999

United Kingdom: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal / Immigration Appellate Authority, 30 July 2002, PO (Risk – Return – General) Sierra Leone v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, CG [2002] UKIAT 03285

United Kingdom: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal / Immigration Appellate Authority, 3 December 2002, FS (Camps – Vulnerable Group – Woman) Sierra Leone v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, CG [2002] UKIAT 05588

New-Zealand, Court of Appeal [CA], 16th April 2003, Attorney-General v Refugee Council of New Zealand Inc and ors, Appeal judgment, [2003] 2 NZLR 577, (2003) 7 HRNZ 1, ILDC 214 (NZ 2003) [Detention — Asylum — Refugees]

United Kingdom: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal / Immigration Appellate Authority, 17 June 2003, KB (Mixed Ethnicity – Roma/Albanian) Kosovo v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, CG [2003] UKIAT 00013

United Kingdom: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal / Immigration Appellate Authority, 29 October 2004, KK IH HE (Palestinians – Lebanon – Camps) Jordan v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, CG [2004] UKIAT OO293

African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights,  December 2004, Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa (on behalf of Sierra Leonean refugees in Guinea) v. Guinea, 249/02

High Court of Botswana, held at Francistown, 10 June 2005, Sefu and Others v The Attorney General of Botswana, Case No. F46 of 2005 [Demandeurs ressortissants de la RDC dont les demandes d’asile avaient été rejetées et résidant dans un camp de réfugiés sous la supervision du HCR pour lequel 3 d’entre eux travaillaient moyennant rémunération – demandeurs déplacés du camp vers le centre pour immigrants illégaux de Francistown – Mise en liberté sous caution applicable aux personnes poursuivies pénalement mais non à celles détenues sur le fondement du rejet de leur demande d’asile pour préparer leur expulsion – Liciété de la détention des demandeurs aux fins d’expulsion]

The Administration of Justice in Refugee Camps: A Study of Practice, March 2006, PPLA/2006/01

UNHCR, Operational Protection in Camps and Settlements. A Reference Guide of Good Practices in the Protection of Refugees and Other Persons of Concern, June 2006

United Kingdom: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal / Immigration Appellate Authority, 17 July 2006, MA (Galgale – Sab Clan) Somalia v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, CG [2006] UKIAT 00073

United Kingdom: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal / Immigration Appellate Authority, 3 August 2006, HGMO (Relocation to Khartoum) Sudan v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, CG [2006] UKAIT 00062

United Kingdom: Court of Session (Scotland), 16 January 2007, In the Petition of Fatima Helow to the nobile officium of the Court of Session, [2007] CSIH 5

New Zealand: High Court, 4 April 2007, Hassan v. Department of Labour, CRI 2006-485-101

United Kingdom: Court of Appeal (England and Wales), 4 April 2007, AH (Sudan) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, [2007] EWCA Civ 297

United Kingdom: Court of Appeal (England and Wales), 30 October 2007, JK (Serbia) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, [2007] EWCA Civ 1321

United Kingdom: House of Lords (Judicial Committee), 14 November 2007, Secretary of State for the Home Department (Appellant) v. AH (Sudan) and Others (FC) (Respondents), [2007] UKHL 49

United Kingdom: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal / Immigration Appellate Authority, 25 February 2008, MM and FH (Stateless Palestinians – KK, IH, HE reaffirmed) Lebanon v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, [2008] UKAIT 00014

New Zealand: Refugee Status Appeals Authority, 19 March 2008, Refugee Appeal Nos. 76120, 76121, 76122 & 76123, Nos. 76120, 76121, 76122 & 76123

United Kingdom: Court of Session (Scotland), 28 March 2008, NO v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, [2008] CSIH 29

Malawi: High Court, 17 April 2008, Ex Parte Nsabimana and Others; S v the Department of Poverty and Disaster Management Affairs and Another

High Court of Malawi, Lilongwe District Registry, 17 April 2008, Ex Parte Frodovaro Nsabimana and Others v The State and the Department of Poverty and Disaster Management Affairs and Another, Misc. Civil Application No. 19 of 2006

United Kingdom: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal / Immigration Appellate Authority, 21 May 2008,WD (Lebanon – Palestinian – ANO – Risk) Lebanon v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, CG [2008] UKAIT 00047

United Kingdom: Court of Appeal (England and Wales), 22 May 2008,RA (Lebanon) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, [2008] EWCA Civ 687

United Kingdom: Court of Appeal (England and Wales), 30 July 2008, KH (Sudan); QA (Sudan); BK (Sudan); AA (Sudan); and KA (Sudan) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, [2008] EWCA Civ 887

Ireland: High Court, 18 June 2009: S.B. v. Refugee Appeals Tribunal and Another, [2009] IEHC 270

South Africa: High Court, 24 February 2010, City of Cape Town v All those adult males and females whose names are set out in Annexure « hs1 » to affidavit and who reside at Bluewater Site B and C, Lukannon Drive, Standfontein Western Cape and Others,  Case No: 5083/09

United Kingdom: Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber), 18 May 2012, AK (Article 15(c)) Afghanistan v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, CG [2012] UKUT 00163(IAC)

Azerbaijan: Decree No. 047 of 2012, Guidelines on Managing Detention Centers for Irregular Migrants under the State Migration Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 17 September 2012

High Court of Kenya at Nairobi, Milimani Law Courts Constitutional and Human Rights Division, 26 July 2013, Kituo Cha Sheria and others v. The Attorney General, Petition No. 19 of 2013 consolidated with Petition No. 115 of 2013 [Government directive to move all refugees in urban areas to camps – Nature and extent of the rights and fundamental freedoms of refugees residing in urban areas in Kenya]

Kenya, High Court at Nairobi, Constitutional and Human Rights Division, 23 February 2015,Coalition for Reform and Democracy and others v. Republic of Kenya and others, Petition No. 628 of 2014 consolidated with Petition No. 630 of 2014 and Petition No. 12 of 2015 [Eloignement étrangers ¾Avoidance Doctrines ¾Séparation des pouvoirs]

Kenya, High Court, 18 December 2015, Refugee Consortium of Kenya & another v Attorney General & 2 others, Petition No. 382 of 2014 [Directive that all refugees residing outside designated refugee camps as specified in Gazette Notice No. 1927 must return to their designated camps immediately and order that all refugee registration centres in urban centres were to be closed – Tensions between measures taken to heighten ational security and the protection of the rights of minor refugees – Petitioners arrested and forcefully taken to Daadab Refugee Camp  « Best interests of the Child »]

UNHCR, Community-Based Protection in Action – Community-Based Outreach Outside of Camps, 2016

United Kingdom: Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber), 22 January 2016, R (on the application of ZAT and Others) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Article 8 ECHR – Dublin Regulation – interface – proportionality) IJR, [2016] UKUT 00061 (IAC) (Notion de camp – « Jungle » – Règlement Dublin – Droit à une vie privée et familiale – Accueil des demandeurs d’asile – Enfants non accompagnés _ Entrée sur le territoire)

United States of America, S.d.b. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS). « Detention Management » 19 September 2016

High Court of Kenya at Nairobi, 9 February 2017, Kenya National Commission on Human Rights & another v Attorney General & 3 others, Petition No. 227 of 2016 [2017] eKLR [Closure of Kakuma and Dadaab Refugee Camps – Decision to implement repatriation of refugees to Somalia, decision to revoke the prima facie refugee status of Somali – Whether the Government’s decision violated the principle of non-refoulement – Whether the Government’s Decision violated the Refugees’ Rights to a fair administrative action– Whether the Government’s decision violated the constitutional rights of the refugees – Whether the circumstances in Somalia have fundamentally changed to warrant repatriation of the Refugees]

Kenya: Court of Appeal at Nairobi, 17 February 2017, The Honorable Attorney General v. Kituo Cha Sheria and Others, Civil Appeal No.108 of 2014 [Appeal from the Judgment and Decree of the High Court of Kenya at Nairobi (Majonja J.) dated 26th July 2013 – Confirmation du jugement annulant  la décision prise en 2012-2013 de fermer les centres urbains d’enregistrement des réfugiés, les demandeurs d’asile/réfugiés devant être enregistrés et accueillis dans les camps de réfugiés et selon laquelle tous ceux qui apportent des services aux réfugiés cessent de le faire dans les zones urbaines et transfèrent ces services dans les camps]

Constitutional Court of South Africa, 29 June 2017, Lawyers for Human Rights v Minister of Home Affairs and others, Case CCT 38/16 [2017] ZACC 22 [Invalidité au regard de la Constitution de la section 34 de l’Immigration Act autorisant détention administrative sans procès aux fins d’expulsion]

Doctrine / Analyses

Cultures & Conflits, n° 57 – L’Europe des camps, 2005

Cultures & Conflits, n° 71 – Confinement des étrangers : entre circulation et enfermement, 2008

 

Acer E. & Goodman J., « Reaffirming Rights : Human Rights Protections of Migrants, Asylum Seekers, and Refugees in Immigration Detention », Georgia Immigration Law Journal, Vol. 24, 2009-2010, pp. 507-531.

Agier M., Gérer les indésirables. Des camps de réfugiés au gouvernement humanitaire, Paris, Flammarion, 2008

Agier M., « Humanity as an Identity and its Political Effects. A Note on Camps and Humanitarian Government », Humanity, n° 1, 2010

Agier M., Managing the Undesirables: Refugee Camps and Humanitarian Government, English ed., Cambridge, Malden MA: Polity, 2011

Agier M., « L’encampement du monde », Plein droit n°90 mars 2011, pp. 21-24.

Agier M. (dir.), Un monde de Camps, Paris, La Découverte, 2014

Anafé, Inhumanité en zone d’attente. Bilan 2008. Observations et interventions de l’Anafé en zoned’attente de Roissy, 2009, 58 p. URL : http://www.anafe.org/IMG/pdf/bilananafe-roissy-inhumanite-2008-.pdf

Anafé, Visites dans les zones d’attente de province et d’outre mer en 2007 et 2008, 2009, 30 p. URL : http://anafe.org/IMG/pdf/anafe-visite-za-juillet2009.pdf

Anafé, Dans les coulisses de Roissy : l’enfermement des étrangers en aérogare. Rapports de visites des aérogares de Roissy-Charles de Gaulle, 2016, 22 p. URL : http://www.anafe.org/IMG/pdf/anafe_-dans_les_coulisses_de_roissy_l_enfermement_des_etrangers_en_aerogare-_rapport_de_visites_des_aerogares_de_roissy-charles_de_gaulle.pdf

Bashford A. & Strange C., “Asylum-Seekers and National Histories of Detention”, Australian Journal of Politics and History, Vol. 48, No. 4, 2002, p. 509-527.

Benoit E., « Criminalité et justice sans souveraineté dans les camps de réfugiés du HCR : des systèmes de justice parallèle à l’impunité pour le personnel humanitaire », Revue québécoise de droit international, Hors-série, décembre 2015

Bernardot M., « Le pays aux mille et un camps. Approche socio-historique des espaces d’internement en France au XXe siècle », Recueil Alexandries, coll. Références, n° 9, décembre 2002, http://www.reseau-terra.eu/article542.html

Bernardot M., Camps d’étrangers, Broissieux, Editions du Croquant, coll. Terra, 2008, 223 p.

Bernardot M., « Rafles et internement des étrangers : les nouvelles guerres de capture », in O. Le Cour Grandmaison (dir.), Douce France. Rafles, rétentions, expulsions, Paris, Seuil/RESF, 2009, pp. 45-71.

Bigo D., Circuler, enfermer, éloigner : zones d’attentes et centres de rétention aux frontières des démocraties occidentales, Paris, l’Harmatan, 1996, 221 p.

Bing C., La détention des demandeurs d’asile au sein de l’Union Européenne, Paris, L’Harmattan, Coll. International, 2016

Bitari N., “Yarmuk Refugee Camp and the Syrian Uprising: A View from Within”, Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2013, pp. 61-78.

Black R., « Putting Refugees in Camps », Forced Migration Review, 1998, p. 4

Bo-Yuen Ngai P & Koehn Peter H., « Organizational Communication in Refugee Camp Situations », New Issues in Refugee Research, Working Paper No. 71, October 2002

Bosworth M., Inside Immigration Detention, Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 2014, xiv-283 p.

Bryan I., Langford P., “The Lawful Detention of Unauthorised Aliens under the European System for the Protection of Human Rights”, Nordic J.I.L. – Acta scandinavica juris gentium, vol. 80, 2011/2, pp. 193-218.

Bulle S., « Domestiquer son environnement dans un territoire confiné : le camp de réfugiés de Shu’faat à Jérusalem-Est », Genèses, 2009/1 (n° 74), p. 94-113.

Caloz-Tschopp M.-C., Les étrangers aux frontières de l’Europe et le spectre des camps, Paris, La Dispute, 2004, 252 p.

Carlier J.-Y., « L’accès au territoire et la détention de l’étranger demandeur d’asile” (CEDH, Grande ch., Saadi c. Royaume-Uni, 29 janvier 2008), RTDH, n° 79, 2009, pp. 795-810.

Clochard O., Gastaut Y., Schor R., « Les camps d’étrangers depuis 1938 : continuité et adaptations. Du « modèle » français à la construction de l’espace Schengen », Revue européenne des migrations internationales, vol. 20, n° 2, 2004, pp. 57-87.

Cornelisse G., Immigration Detention and Human Rights. Rethinking Territorial Sovereignty, Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, coll. Immigration and Asylum Law and Policy in Europe, Vol. 19, 2010, 388 p.

Costello C., “Human Rights and the Elusive Universal Subject: Immigration Detention under International Human Rights and EU Law”, Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2012, pp. 257-303.

Crisp J., »A State of Insecurity: The Political Economy of Violence in Refugee-Populated Areas of Kenya », New issues in Refugee Research, Working Paper No. 16, December 1999

Crisp J., « Forms and Sources of Violence in Kenya’s Refugee Camps », Refugee Survey Quarterly, Vol. 54 , 2000, p. 69

da Costa R., The Administration of Justice in Refugee Camps: A Study of Practice, coll Legal and Protection Policy Research Series, Genève, UNHCR Department of International Protection, 2006

Dar O., “Global Health: The Dadaab Camps-Daemons in the Detail”, The World Today, Vol. 67, No. 10, 2011, pp. 18-20.

Dicken B., “From Refugee Camps to Gated Communities: Biopolitics and the Ennd of the City 1”, Citizenship Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2004, pp. 83-106.

Dormoy D., Slim H (dir.), Réfugiés, immigration clandestine et centres de rétention des immigrés clandestins en droit international, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2008, 234 p.

Doty R. L., Wheatley E. S., “Private Detention and the Immigration Industrial Complex”, International Political Sociology, Vol. 7, 2013, pp. 426-443.

Flynn M., “Immigration Detention and proportionality”, Global Detention Project Working Paper n° 4, February 2011

Giakoumopoulos C., « Detention of Asylum Seekers in the light of Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights », in J. Hughes & F. Liebaut (dir.), Detention of Asylum Seekers in Europe: Analysis and Perspectives, 1998, pp. 161-182.

Global detention Project, “The Detention of Asylum Seekers in the Meditterranean Region”, Global Detention Project Backgrounder, April 2015

Goodwin-Gill S., « International Law and the Detention of Refugees and Asylum Seekers », The International migration review, Vol 20, No 2, Summer 1986

Goodwin-Gill S., “Rwanda Zaire, Refugee Camps and the Protection of Refugees”, International Journal of Refugee Law, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1996

Govindaraj P., « Waves of Life: the Role of Radio in Bhutanese Refugee Camps in Nepal », New Issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 258, July 2013

Hanafi S., Long T., « Governance, Governmentalities and the State of Exceptions in the Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon », Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 23, No 2, 2010, pp. 134-159.

Harrell-Bond B., « Are Refugee Camps good for Children? », New Issues in Refugee Research, Working Paper No. 29, August 200

Herz M., « Refugee Camps in Chad: Planning Strategies and the Architect’s Involvement in the Humanitarian Dilemma », New Issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 147, December 2007

Hocing W., « Self-image and the well-being of refugees in Rhino Camp, Uganda », New issues in Refugee Research, Working Paper No. 103, April 2004

Holzer E., « What happens to law in a refugee camp? », Law and Society Review, Vol. 47, Issue 4, 2013, pp. 837-872.

Horst C., »Vital Links in Social Security: Somali Refugees in the Dadaab Camps, Kenya », New Issues in Refugee Research, Working Paper No. 38, April 2001

Horst C., “Buufis amongst Somalis in Dadaab: The Transnational and Historical Logics behind Resettlement Dreams”, Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2006, pp. 142-157.

Hughes J. & Liebaut F. (ed.), Detention of Asylum Seekers in Europe: Analysis and Perspectives, The Hague, Kluwer law International, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1998

Human Right Watch, Jailing Refugees. Arbitrary Detention of Refugees in the US Who Fail to Adjust to permanent Resident Status, 2009, 35 p.

International Crisis Group (ICG), The Youth Movement in Sahrawi Refugee Camps, 25 April 2018

IRIN, In Bangladesh refugee camps, the nascent Rohingya insurgency commands support and sows fear, 27 November 2017

Janmyr M., Protecting Civilians in Refugee Camps, Unable and Unwilling States, UNHCR and international responsibility, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Coll. International Refugee Law Series, Vol. 1, 2014, 400 p.

Janmyr M., “Protecting Civilians In Refugee Camps: Unable And Unwilling States, UNHCR And International Responsibility”, Journal of Refugee Studies, Volume 28, Issue 4, December 2015

Jansen Bram J., “’Digging Aid’: The Camp as an Option in East and the Horn of Africa”, Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2015, pp.149-165.

Kagan M., « “We live in a country of UNHCR” The UN surrogate state and refugee policy in the Middle East », New Issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 201, ebruary 2011

Kobelinsky C., Makaremi C. et al., Enfermés dehors. Enquêtes sur le confinement des étrangers, Paris, Editions du Croquant, 2009, 335 p.

Kofford K., « An examination of the Law, or Lack thereof, in Refugee and displacement camps », Hastings International and Comparative Law Review, Vol. 35, No 1, 2012, pp. 173-216.

Lambert P., Pettiti Chr. (dir.), Les mesures relatives aux étrangers à l’épreuve de la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme, Bruxelles, Bruylant, coll. Droit et Justice, vol. 46, 2003, 149 p.

Lawson Jane E., « What Happens after the War? How Refugee Camp Peace Programmes Contribute to Post-Conflict Peacebuilding Strategies », New Issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 245, October 2012

Le Cour Grandmaison O., Lhuilier G., Valluy J. (dir.) Le retour des camps : Sangatte, Lampedusa, Guantanamo, Paris, Editions Autrement, 2007

Leung L., « Taking refuge in technology: communication practices in refugee camps and immigration detention », New Issues in Refugee, Research Paper No. 202, February 2011

Loescher G., “UNHCR and the Erosion of Refugee Protection”, Forced Migration Review, Vol. 10, 2001, pp. 28-30.

Lyon B., “Detention of Migrants: Harscher Policies, Increasing International Law Protection”, in Chetail V., Bauloz C. (dir.), Research Handbook on International law and Migration, Edward Elgard Publishing, 2013, pp. 173-193.

Lyytinen E., « Household energy in refugee and IDP camps: challenges and solutions for UNHCR », New issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 172, May 2009

Makaremi, C. Kobelinsky (dir.), Confinement des étrangers : entre circulation et enfermement, Cultures & Conflits, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2008, 183 p.

Møller B., Refugees, Prisoners and Camps. A Functional Analysis of the Phenomenon of Encampment, Palgrave Pivot, 2015, 140 p.

Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC), Camp Management Toolkit, May 2008

O’Nions H., “No Right to Liberty : The Detention of Asylum Seekers for Administrative Convenience”, European Journal of Migration Law, Vol. 10, 2008, pp. 149-185.

Pacurar A., “Smuggling, detention and expulsion of irregular migrants: A study on international legal norms, standards and practices”, European Journal of Migration and Law, No 2, 2003, p. 259-283.

Peschanski D., La France des camps. L’internement 1938-1946, Paris, Gallimard, 2002

Peyronnet C., « Rétention des demandeurs d’asile et droit à la liberté et à la sûreté : Les errements stratégiques de la Cour de justice », La Revue des droits de l’homme [En ligne], Actualités Droits-Libertés, mis en ligne le 18 mars 2016, consulté le 18 mars 2016. URL : http://revdh.revues.org/2070

Pry S. H., “Justice in Site II Refugee Camp”, International Journal of Refugee Law, Vol. 2, 1990, pp. 133 ss.

Purkey A.-L., « Whose Right to What Justice – The Administration of Justice in Refugee Camps », New England Journal of International & Comparative Law, 2011, pp. 121-131.

Rahola F., “La forme-camp. Pour une généalogie des lieux de transit et d’internement du present”, Cultures & Conflits, n° 68 – Circulation et archipels de l’exception, 2007, pp. 31-50.

Rodier C., « Les camps d’étrangers, dispositif clé de la politique d’immigration et d’asile de l’Union européenne », in Perrouty P.-A. (éd.), La mise à l’écart de l’étranger, centres fermés et expulsions, éd. Labor, 2004

Rodier C., et Saint-Saens I., « Contrôler et filtrer : les camps au service des politiques migratoires », in Chetail V. (dir.), Mondialisation, migration et droits de l’homme, le droit international en question, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2007, pp. 619-661.

Ruedin X.-B., “Aliens’ and Asylum Seekers’ Detention under Article 5(1)(f) ECHR », Revue Suisse de Droit International, 2010/4, pp. 483 ss.

Sastra C. C., “The Human Rights Situation in Site II Camp: Cambodin Displaced Persons’ Camp in Thailand”, International Journal of Refugee Law, Vol. 2, 1990, pp. 130 ss.

Saul B., “Dark Justice: Australia’s Indefinite Detention of Refugees on Security Grounds under International Human Rights Law”, Melbourne Journal of International Law, Vol. 13, 2012, pp. 685 ss.

Schmidt A., «Camps versus settlements», Forced Migration Online, 2003, p. 1-29.

Slaughter A., Crisp J., « A Surrogate State? The Role of UNHCR in Protracted Refugee Situations », New Issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 168, Geneva, UNHCR, January 2009

Smith M., « Warehousing Refugees: A Denial of Rights, a Waste of Humanity », World Refugee Survey 38, 2004

Sohier J., « Les privations de liberté de l’étranger, en droit belge au regard de l’article 5 de la Convention européenne », RTDH, 1999, pp. 147-167.

Tabar L., “The “Urban Redesign” of Jenin Refugee Camp: Humanitarian Intervention and Rational Violence”, Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2012, pp. 44-61.

Teitgen-Colly C., « La détention des étrangers et les droits de l’homme », in Chetail V. (dir.), Mondialisation, migration et droits de l’homme : le droit international en question / Globalization, migration and Human Rights : International Law under Review, vol. II, Bruxelles, Bruylant, Collection de l’Académie de droit international humanitaire et de droits humains à Genève, 2007, pp. 571-618.

Trapp Micah M., « Remittances as informal aid: Livelihoods and migration in a Liberian refugee camp », New Issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 266, November 2013

Triche Naumik A., “International Law and Detention of US Asylum Seekers: Contrasting Matter of D-J- with the United Nations Refugee Convention”, International Journal of Refugee Law, Vol. 19, 2007, pp. 661-702.

Turner S., »Angry young men in camps: gender, age and class relations among Burundian refugees in Tanzania », New issues in Refugee Research, Working Paper No. 9, June 1999

Turner S., “”Suspended Spaces – Contesting Sovereignties in a Refugee Camp”, in Hansen T. & Stepputat F. (eds.), Sovereign Bodies: Citizens, Migrants and States in the Postcolonial World, Princeton, Princeton UP, 2005, pp. 312-332.

Turner S., Politics of Innocence: Hutu Identity, Conflict and Camp Life, Oxford, Berghahn, 2010

Turner S., “What is a Refugee Camp? Exploration of the Limits and Effects of the Camp”, Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2015, pp. 139-148.

Verdiame G., Pobjoy J., « The End of Refugee Camps? », Legal Studies Research Paper Series, University of Cambridge, Faculty of Law, August 2013

Veroff J., « Crimes, conflicts and courts: the administration of justice in a Zambian refugee settlement », New issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 192, November 2010

Vogler P., « In the Absence of the Humanitarian gaze: Refugee Camps after Dark », New Issues  in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 137, December 2006

Vohra S., “Detention of Irregular Migrants and Asylum Seekers”, in Cholewinski R., Perruchoud R., MacDonald E. (eds.), International Migration Law. Developing Paradigms and Key Challenges, The Hague, TMC Asser Press / OIM, 2007, pp. 49 ss.

Wilde R., « Quis Custoried Ipsos Custodes? Why and how UNHCR governance of ‘development’ refugee camps should be subject to international human rights law », Yale Human Rights and Development Journal, Vol. 1, 1998.

Wilsher D., Immigration Detention Law, History, Politics, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2012, 396 p.

Women’s Refugee Commission, « The woman can decide for herself » – The Intersection of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Disability for Refugees in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya, October 2016